Synonyms: Alkekengi pubescens Moench, Boberella peruviana (L.) E.H.L.Krause, Physalis esculenta Salisb., Physalis latifolia Lam., Physalis tomentosa Medik.
Common name: Cape Gooseberry, Goldenberry, Husk Cherry, Peruvian Ground Cherry, Poha, Poha Berry
- Azərbaycanca: Peru yergilası
- Chinese: 小果酸浆, 灯笼果
- Dutch: lampion, Kapstachelbeere
- Finnish: karviaiskoiso
- French: Nicandre faux-coqueret
- German: essbare judaskirshe
- Hindi: Macao, Tepariyo, Tipari, रसभरी Rasbhari
- Hebrew: שלפח
- Italian: fisalis
- Kannada: budde hannu, doddabudd
- Malayalam: മലതക്കാളിക്കീര Malathakkalikeera
- Marathi: popti, chirbot, phopati
- Nepali: रसभरी Rasbhari
- Portuguese: batetesta
- Quechua: aguaymanto
- Russian: Физалис перуанский
- Sanskrit: kuntali, tankari, tankasi
- Spanish: capulí
- Swedish: ananaskörsbär
- Tamil: milaku takkali, pottipallam
- Telugu: buddabusara, busarataya, చిరుకాకర chiru kakara
- Thai: โทงเทงฝรั่ง
- Turkish: Altın Çilek
- Udmurt: Перуысь физалис
Description: Herbs perennial, 45-90 cm tall. Stems erect, sparingly branched, densely pubescent. Petiole 2-5 cm; leaf blade broadly ovate to cordate, 6-15 × 4-10 cm, densely pubescent, base cordate, margin entire or with a few indistinct teeth, apex short acuminate. Pedicel ca. 1.5 cm. Calyx broadly campanulate, 7-9 mm. Corolla yellow, spotted in throat, 1.2-1.5 × 1.2-2 cm. Filaments and anthers blue-purple; anthers 3-4 mm long. Fruiting calyx green, ovoid, with 5-10 weak angles, 2.5-4 cm, pubescent. Berry yellow, 1-1.5 cm in diam. Seeds yellow, ca. 2 mm in diam. Fl. summer, fr. autumn.
Weak annual erect herbs, to 60 cm high. Leaves alternate, to 7 x 6 cm, broadly ovate, obliquely cordate at base, entire or shortly lobed, 3-nerved from base; petiole to 3 cm long. Flowers axillary, solitary; pedicels 1 cm long, slender; calyx campanulate, accrescent in fruit, membranous; corolla campanulate, yellowish with deep brown centre, 15 mm across, tube hairy inside; stamens 5, anthers vertically splitting; ovary with many ovules, style glabrous; stigma 2-toothed. Berry globose, 10 mm across, covered by the balloon like 2.5-3 cm across fruiting calyx; seeds many, compressed.
The immature fruits contain sufficient solanine to cause gastroenteritis and diarrhea if ingested, children should be discouraged from eating the fruits. Plant diuretic. Leaves and root diuretic, for coughs, worms and bowel complaints, abdominal disorders, painful menstruation, stomachache, to induce labor in childbirth, as an enema for a child with abdominal upset; leaf decoction against jaundice; heated leaves applied as a poultice to draw pus from inflammations.
Plant—diuretic. Leaf—anthelmintic, an infusion is used in abdominal disorders. Fruits— a good source of carotene and ascorbic acid; eaten as a table fruit. [Indian Medicinal Plants An Illustrated Dictionary]
359 Published articles of Physalis peruviana