Showing posts with label Crinum asiaticum. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Crinum asiaticum. Show all posts

Saturday, November 8, 2014

Crinum asiaticum, Naagadamani, Visamungil, Adavi ulli


Crinum asiaticum L.
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Synonyms: Amaryllis carnosa Hook.f., Bulbine asiatica (L.) Gaertn., Crinum albiflorum Noronha [Invalid], Crinum angustifolium Herb. ex Steud. [Invalid], Crinum anomalum Herb., Crinum asiaticum var. asiaticum, Crinum asiaticum var. declinatum Herb., Crinum asiaticum var. procerum (Herb. & Carey) Baker, Crinum bancanum Kurz, Crinum bracteatum Willd., Crinum brevifolium Roxb., Crinum carinifolium Stokes, Crinum cortifolium Hallier f., Crinum declinatum Herb., Crinum floridum Fraser ex Herb., Crinum hornemannianum M.Roem., Crinum macrantherum Engl., Crinum macrocarpum Carey ex Kunth, Crinum macrophyllum Hallier f., Crinum northianum Baker, Crinum plicatum Livingstone ex Hook., Crinum procerum Herb. & Carey, Crinum redouteanum M.Roem., Crinum rigidum Herb., Crinum rumphii Merr., Crinum sumatranum Roxb., Crinum toxicarium Roxb., Crinum umbellatum Carey ex Herb., Crinum woolliamsii L.S.Hannibal, Crinum zanthophyllum Hannibal, Haemanthus pubescens Blanco, Lilium pendulum Noronha

Bengali: BARO-KANOOR (বড় কানুড়), সুখদর্শন
Chinese: 文殊蘭
Hindi: Sudarshan सुदर्शन, Nagadamani नागदामिनी
Japanese: ハマユウ
Korean: 문주란
Malayalam: Puzhatthali, Pulattali
Malay: Pokok Bakung
Russian: Pokok Bakung
Sanskrit: Naagadamani, Naagapatra, Sudarshana
Swidish: Strandkrinum
Tamil: விஷமூங்கில் Visamungil
Telugu: అడవి ఉల్లి
Thai: พลับพลึง
Vietnamese: Náng

Desctiption: Bulbous herbs; bulb globose, 12 x 10 cm, neck 10-20 cm. Leaves clustered from the apex of bulbs, oblong, 70-100 x 1.5-8.5 cm, flat, coriaceous, glabrous, narrow at base, margin entire, apex gradually tapering. Scape to 30 cm long, often more, 1-2 cm across; umbels 10-17 cm, 30(50)-flowered; bracts hooded, ovate-lanceolate, 7-8.5 x 4.5 -5 cm; bracteoles to 5 cm. Flowers to 16.5 cm long, 10(14) cm across. Perianth salver-shaped; tube to 10 cm; lobes white, oblong-linear, to 7 x 1.2 cm, glabrous, 18-20 nerved, subacute, cuspidate. Filaments to 4.5 cm; anthers 2x0.2 cm. Ovary 3-celled; ovule(s) 1 or 2; style to 15 cm.

Used in Ayurveda, Unani and Sidha. Poisonous plant used  to treat breasts infections; stem fibers used to stop bleeding;  underground stem crushed used for massaging the chest for  chest pain due to cough. Leaves used to treat wounds, sores,  swollen joints, sprained joints and broken bones, snakebites,  cuts and body swellings; leaf juice dropped into ear. Roots in  a poultice for wounds, ulcers and swellings. Bulbs reputed to  be poisonous, antiviral, antibacterial, anti tumor, emetic, dia- phoretic, antiinflammatory, immunostimulative, for urinary  troubles, earache, as antidote for snake and arrow poison, and  after eating poison fish. Veterinary medicine, leaves to avoid  infection in hens, coccidiosis. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal And Poisonous Plants Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology]
The plant has been used for carbuncles and cancer. In Indonesia, the oiled and heated leaves are useful to treat wounds by poisoned arrows, bites and stings. In Malaysia, poultices of the leaves are applied to swellings, swollen joints, lumbago, pains and in cases of headache and fever. The leaves  are  also  an emollient.  In Northwest  Solomon Islands, the  leaves  make  a  topical  treatment  for  inflammation.  In  Malaysia,  the leaves are used as a rheumatic remedy and to relieve local pain. On Karkar Island and in Simbu, Papua New Guinea, the latex from the leaves is applied to cuts. In India, the leaves are applied to skin diseases and inflammation. The crushed leaves  are used to wash piles or mixed with honey and applied to wounds and abscesses. Its seeds are considered purgative and emmenag- ogic. In the Trobriands, Papua New Guinea, the stem fibres are used to stop bleeding and in New Ireland, the milky sap from the stem is used for stone- fish  wounds.  The  bulb  is  an  emetic  and  counter-irritant.  In  Papua  New Guinea, juice obtained from bulb is ingested regularly for 2 months to treat gonorrhoea.  In the Philippines, the bulbs are crushed and applied as an oint- ment.  Juice from the  fresh bulbs,  taken  several  times  per month induces vomiting.  It is  also  instilled in the  ear to treat otitis.  The root is  also  an emetic, diaphoretic and nauseant when fresh. In a Finschhafen area village, Papua New Guinea, the cut root is cooked in a banana leaf, then cooled and placed on an aching tooth.  Roots are used in New Caledonia, Indonesia, and Malaysia in a poultice for wounds, ulcers and swellings.  Phytoconstituents:  Crinamine,  lycoricidine,  hamayne,  isocraugsodine, palmilycorine, lycoriside, ambelline, crinasiatin, hippadine, bakonine, pratorimine,  crinine,  powelline,  ungeremine,  criasbetaine,  crinasiatine, phenanthridone II and others. [A  Guide  to Medicinal Plants An Illustrated,  Scientific  and Medicinal  Approach]
 Bulb—laxative (a substitute for ipecacuanha), expectorant. Used in biliousness, and in strangury and other urinary affections. Also used for the treatment of burns, whitlow and carbuncle. Fresh root—diaphoretic, emetic. Leaves—expectorant; externally, anti-inflammatory (used in skin diseases and for reducing inflammations). Seed—emmenagogue, diuretic. [Indian Medicinal Plants An Illustrated Dictionary]
The medicinal profile of Crinum asiaticum L. is the one of the most poisonous plants: emetic and counter-irritant. In Indonesia, the oiled and heated leaves are used to treat strangury and to heal wounds occasioned by poi- soned arrows, bites, and stings. In Malaysia, a poultice of the pow- dered leaves is used to soothe swelling, swollen joints, to treat lumbago, to assuage pain and headache and to combat fever. In Papua New Guinea, the juice expressed from the bulb is used to treat gonorrhea. In the Philippines, the bulbs are crushed and applied externally and the leaves are emol- lient. In the Northwest of Solomon Islands, the bulbs are used at child- birth and the leaves are used to soothe inflammation. [Medicinal Plants of The Aisa-Pacific: Drugs For The Future?]

Leaves are heated and it is adhered on arthritis and injuries. Expressed juice of fresh leaves is externally used for skin infections and herpes. [MEDICINAL PLANTS OF MYANMAR]
52 Published articles of Crinum asiaticum
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