Saturday, December 10, 2016

Phyllanthus lawii


Phyllanthus lawii J.Graham
Family:  Phyllanthaceae

Synonyms: Diasperus lawii (J.Graham) Kuntze, Diasperus nemorum (Russell ex Müll.Arg.) Kuntze, Phyllanthus juniperinoides Müll.Arg., Phyllanthus nemorum Russell ex Müll.Arg., Phyllanthus polyphyllus Dalzell & A.Gibson, Phyllanthus spinulosus B.Heyne ex Wall.

Description: Shrubs, or small trees, 2-3 m tall. Bark smooth and brown. Foliar branches 4-8 cm long, horizontal; short hooked spines are on either side of leafy branchlets. Leaves alternate; lamina 3-5 × 2-2.5 mm, distichous, overlapping, linear-oblong, rounded at the apex, often apiculate, base rounded or subcordate, subsessile; nerves obscure; stipules 1.2 mm long, purplish, lanceolate-subulate. Flowers white or pink, in axillary clusters and drooping on the adaxial side. Pedicels 3-6mm long. Sepals of male and female flowers 6; white, linear-oblong, obtuse in males; green with scaly margin, triangular, acute in female flowers. Stamens 3, the filaments united in a short column. Ovary 3 celled; styles 3, distinct, shortly and bluntly 2-fid, recurved. Capsules 4 mm in diameter, on a very short pedicel, globose, 6 angled, glabrous. Seeds 2-3 mm long, 3-gonous, rounded on the back, foveolate (Seed pits conspicuous).

Habitat & location: Found in hill side forests. Few plants are found at S.R.Puram- Porumamilla ghat.

As the images available with efi for Phyllanthus lawii and P.leischnaulti are not clear I am adding a few.

Published article of Phyllanthus lawii:

Friday, December 9, 2016

Leea aequata, kaka jangha, kakanasika, yuan xian huo tong shu,


Leea aequata L.
Family: Vitaceae

Synonyms: Leea ancolona Miq., Leea hirsuta Blume ex Spreng., Leea hirta Roxb. ex Hornem., Leea hispida Gagnep., Leea kurzii C.B. Clarke

Chinese: 圆腺火筒树,  yuan xian huo tong shu
Other Indian names: aeluvasandhe  gida,  bhooyidinda,  chivikivelama, dasi,  dhvankshajangha,  kaaka  mruthyu,  kaaka  samhaari gida,  kaakajanga,  kaka,  kakajangha,  kakakala,  kakanacikam, kakanasa, kakanasika, kakanchi, kakanga, kakangah, kakangi, kakavha, kaki, kanga, kauridinga, mekenui, monakaalu muruka, neetiveli, sirapadi, surapaadi, surapadi, velanasandi, velumasandi
Nepali: galeni
Telugu: Surapadi సురపాది

Description: Erect shrubs or small trees. Branchlets terete with longitudinal ridges, densely ferruginous pubescent. Leaves 1- or 2-pinnate; stipules cuneate or lanceolate, 2-4 × 0.4-0.6 cm, deciduous; petiole 7-15 cm, central petiolules 2-6 cm, lateral petiolules to 2 cm, densely ferruginous pubescent; leaf axis 20-35 cm, densely ferruginous pubescent; leaflets elliptic-lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, 6-22 × 3-7 cm, base cuneate or rounded, margin with irregular teeth, apex acuminate or caudate acuminate, abaxial surface pubescent and rough with rounded brown peltate glands, adaxial surface with short hairs; lateral veins 6-14 pairs, veinlets inconspicuously protruding. Inflorescence leaf-opposed; peduncle 1-4 cm, densely ferruginous pubescent. Pedicel 1-6 mm, densely pubescent; buds ovate, 3-4 mm, apex rounded. Calyx tube cupulate; sepals triangular and densely with glands. Petals elliptic, 3-3.5 mm, glabrous. Staminodial tube 1.7-2.5 mm, with lower part 1.5-2.3 mm, upper 0.4-0.6 mm, lobes 0.3-0.4 mm. Stamens 5; filaments 2-3 mm; anthers elliptic, 1.5-2 × 0.8-1 mm. Ovary globose, 0.5-0.7 mm; style 0.5-0.8 mm; stigma slightly capitate. Berry oblate, 0.5-0.7 cm, 4-6-seeded. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Jul-Sep. 2n = 24
 
Used in Ayurveda and Sidha. Tubers and stems astringent and  mucilaginous.  A  strong  antidote  for  poison,  root  bark mixed with Dioscorea pentaphylla. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]
Stem and root—astringent, anthelmintic. Used for indigestion, jaundice, chronic fever and malaria. [Indian Medicinal Plants An Illustrated Dictionary]

Published article:

Thursday, December 8, 2016

Cleistanthus patulus, Lance leaved discosus feather foil, Jeguru

Cleistanthus patulus (Roxb.) Müll.Arg.
Family: Phyllanthaceae

Synonyms: Amanoa indica Wight , Amanoa indica f. minor Thwaites, Amanoa patula (Roxb.) Thwaites , Bridelia patula (Roxb.) Hook. & Arn., Clutia patula Roxb., Kaluhaburunghos patulus (Roxb.) Kuntze, Lebidiera patula (Roxb.) Müll.Arg.
  • Engilish: Lance leaved discosus feather foil
  • Telugu: Jeguru జేగురు
Description: Deciduous tree, 2-3m tall; branches horizontal. Leaves alternate; lamina 10-12 × 2-3cm ovate-lanceolate, acute at both ends; entire, glabrous, thick. Flowers unisexual, 0.4-0.6 cm across, yellowish-green in axillary few flowered clusters. Sepals and petals 5 each, disk cup like in male and female flowers. Stamens 5; filaments connate up to half their length, topped with rudimentary ovary, extrorse. Carpels 3, ovary 3 -celled; ovules 2 in each cell; styles 3, bifid at apex.  Capsule brown, 1-1.5 cm in diam., 3 lobed, 3 gonous. Seeds globose, black.

Habitat & location: Rare. Found in the hill side forest. Photographed at Rapur-Chitvel ghat., A.P., India

Publications of Cleistanthus patulus
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